Bangladesh & Myammer
IVY has started supporting Myanmar displaced people (Rohingya refugees) in Cox’s Bazar district, Bangladesh since September 2018. We opened an office in Bangladesh and are working with Mukti, a local NGO, to increase the number of wells that do not dry up during the dry season, toilets with septic tanks, and provide hygiene classes to reduce the number of diarrhea cases.
This is the fifth country for IVY. We hope you will support our new challenge in Bangladesh.
Water and sanitation improvement project for displaced people of Myanmar
Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh
Project Period 2018.Sep.10―2019.Sep.9（1year）
Ukiya, Cox’s Bazar
Kutupalong Refugee Camp NO.１９
2 villages in Paronkari Union next to the camp
Funding for activities: Grants from Japan Plat Form and donations from citizens
910,000 people evacuated from Myanmar’s Rakhine State
On August 25, 2017, violence in the northern part of Myanmar’s Rakhine State led to the displacement of Rohingya (Myanmar’s Muslim minority) people to neighboring Bangladesh.
The number of displaced people reached 910,000 in January 2018, five months later, and they are living in refugee camps opened in Cox’s Bazar district in southeastern Bangladesh.
However, due to the influx of 910,000 refugees, support has not been able to keep up and many issues have been faced.
In addition to the problems in the camps, the local villages that have hosted 910,000 refugees are also suffering from environmental problems such as deforestation, depletion of well water, garbage, traffic congestion, worsening security, and other negative impacts.
Safe water and hygienic environment are urgent issues./span>
１．Necessity of well
There are minimum standard arrangements for humanitarian assistance, such as “water distribution in refugee camps should be 10-15 liters per person per day” and “each well should be used by no more than 500 people. However, as of July 2006, it is not possible to meet the minimum standard. However, as of July 2006, the achievement rate is 68%. One of the residents directly told IVY that all the wells near her house had dried up and she had to go to a well 1 km away in the morning and evening to draw water.
In this area, if you dig as deep as 720 feet (about 200 meters), you will hit a rich underground spring layer and have a source of water. To have year-round access to water, it is desirable to build a deep well.
Therefore, IVY has started drilling 20 deep wells in early December at Camp No. 19, where wells are in short supply.
２．Necessity of toilet
For toilets, the minimum standard for the first phase was to achieve the goal of “no more than 50 users per toilet”, which we have been working on from September 2017 to February 2018. Now with the second phase, IVY is working on achieving the standard of “no more than 20 users per toilet”, in line with international standards, at Camp 19 as well as the well.
Mines in the village adjacent to the camp is dried up as well
According to Ukiah County, Palongkhali Union, located south of Kutupalong Refugee Camp, is one of the communities affected by the displacement.
Some of the wells that were originally used by the local people have already run dry due to the lowering of the groundwater level caused by the massive pumping of groundwater by the displaced people.
Of these, the two villages with the most severely depleted wells are Musakora and Telkora.
When we checked the status of wells in the two villages, we found that 30-40% of the wells in Musakora and 60-70% of the wells in Telkora had dried up after the influx of refugees. We also found that the distribution of hygiene kits was not progressing well, reaching only 1,050 households, about 1.6% of the population.
Therefore, as in Camp 19, we are drilling 10 deep wells in each of the two villages, distributing hygiene kits, and conducting hygiene training.
Your donation will be used for this activity.